Benefits of ASEAN energy market integration: A survey of the literature
This study reviews the benefits of energy market integration (EMI) in ASEAN that have been recorded in the literature. Due to the scarcity of ASEAN-focused studies, the authors examined the studies that either indirectly addressed ASEAN or ASEAN members (Read full abstract).
Xunpeng Shi, Energy Studies Institute, National University of Singapore and Tri Widodo, Faculty of Economics, Gadjah Mada University
An assessment of trade and investment barriers in energy services in ASEAN
The goal of the ASEAN Plan of Action for Energy Cooperation 2010-2015 (APAEC) (ASEAN Centre for Energy, undated) is to ensure that the region would have secure and reliable energy supply through regional infrastructure projects such as the ASEAN Power Grid and Trans-ASEAN Gas Pipeline (Read full abstract).
Joy Abrenica and Adora Navarro
The need for a geopolitical strategy for ASEAN energy security
Most of efforts by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to enhance energy co-operation are directed inwards, but insufficient attention is being given to addressing the external dimensions of collective energy strategy. ASEAN members, both individually and collectively, face a number of threats to their energy sectors that have external sources (Read full abstract).
Philip Andrews-Speed, Principal Fellow, Energy Studies Institute, National University of Singapore, Christopher Len, Principal Fellow, Energy Studies Institute, National University of Singapore and Seksan Anantasirikiat, Academic Officer, ASEAN Studies Centre, Chulalongkorn University
ASEAN Energy Technology Strategy, 2015-2030
One of the key issues facing the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in meeting the formidable challenge of providing affordable, lower carbon emission and modern energy services while ensuring equitable access is ASEAN’s capability to adapt and apply best available energy technologies, and to innovate energy technology solutions appropriate to the local context (Read full abstract).
Bundit Fungtammasan, Christoph Menke, Suneerat Fukuda, Athikom Bangviwat, Atit Tippichai, Lim Chee Ming, Aishah Mohd Isa, Maxensius tri Sambodo and Agya Utama
Rationale for AEMI
Primary energy demand in ASEAN is projected to almost double over the next 20 years. This implies further widening of the supply-demand gap, which may well lead to increasing reliance on energy imports and the doubling of ASEAN’s contribution to global carbon emissions (Read full abstract).
Endang Jati Mat Sahid, Head of Energy Economics, Institute of Energy Policy and Research, Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN) and Senior Lecturer at UNITEN, Malaysia, Aishah Mohd Isa, On secondment to the Asia-Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC), Japan; Senior Lecturer, UNITEN, Y P Leong (lead), Director, Institute of Energy Policy and Research, UNITEN and Xunpeng Shi, Chief Researcher and Director, Energy Efficiency and Conservation Division, Brunei National Energy Research Institute (BNERI), Brunei Darussalam
Market integration, ranging from the economy to energy and the environment, has shown it has provided huge benefits for integrated markets. This chapter, which suggests that the ASEAN Energy Market Integration (AEMI) will reap a similar benefit in the energy market, revisits the theoretical background of market integration, reviews the experiences of energy market integration in other areas of the world – i.e., the European Union as well as West African countries – and draws lessons from these experiences for AEMI. In addition, it identifies the benefits that would accrue to AEMI (Read full abstract).
Youngho Chang (lead), Assistant Professor, Division of Economics, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Tri Widodo, Professor, Head of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia, Nguyen Thi Mai Anh, Lecturer, Department of Industrial Economics, School of Economics and Management, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Viet Nam and Phouphet Kyophilavong, Associate Professor and Director, Research Division, Department of Economics and Business Management, National University of Laos, Lao People’s Democratic Republic
AEMI and ASEAN Energy Poverty
Based on available statistics, between 127 and 130 million people in South-East Asia lack access to electricity. At least 228 million still rely on traditional biomass for cooking, and lack access to clean and modern cooking facilities, with dire consequences for their quality of life and human development (Read full abstract).
Adoracion Navarro, Senior Research Fellow, the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), Philippines, Maxensius Tri Sambodo, Researcher, Indonesian Institute of Sciences Economic Research Center (LIPI), Indonesia and Jessie L. Todoc (lead), Country Manager – Philippines and Program Manager, SEA Energy Access and Alternative Energy, International Copper Association Southeast Asia, Philippines
Addressing national constraints, energy pricing and subsidies in joining AEMI
The analysis in this chapter focuses on national constraints, which have been divided into two main parts, i.e., institutional challenges, especially energy pricing policy, and infrastructure constraints in the case of the ASEAN Power Grid (APG) and Trans-ASEAN Gas Pipeline (TAGP) (Read full abstract).
Maxensius Tri Sambodo (lead), Researcher, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Economic Research Center, Indonesia, Adoracion Navarro, Senior Research Fellow, the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), Philippines and Tran Van Binh, Chairman, Bach Khoa Technology Investment and Development Co., Hanoi University of Science and Technology, and ex-Dean, Faculty of Economics and Management, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Viet Nam
Institutional and governance dimensions of ASEAN Energy Market Integration
Effective governance is a key requirement for multi-lateral energy cooperation and for AEMI. This is because the objectives of AEMI are not only to deliver direct economic efficiency gains but also a range of external benefits that have the character of regional public goods (Read full abstract).
Philip Andrews-Speed, Principal Fellow, Energy Studies Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore and Adnan Hezri, Senior Fellow, Technology, Innovation, Environment, and Sustainability (TIES), Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS), Malaysia
The pathway to ASEAN Energy Market Integration
Global experience in regional energy market integration presents broad elements of integration, i.e., binding agreements, physical infrastructure, standardized or harmonized rules of operation, and governing or coordinating institutions (Read full abstract).
Adoracion Navarro (lead), Senior Research Fellow, the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), Philippines and Maxensius Tri Sambodo, Researcher, Indonesian Institute of Sciences Economic Research Center (LIPI), Indonesia
The political economy of ASEAN Energy Market Integration
To date, concerted collective action related to energy has generally been limited to activities where the costs to the individual Governments are either negligible or do not outweigh the short-term benefits (Read full abstract).
Philip Andrews-Speed (lead), Principal Fellow, Energy Studies Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore and Christopher Len, Principal Fellow, Energy Studies Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore