Based on available statistics, between 127 and 130 million people in South-East Asia lack access to electricity. At least 228 million still rely on traditional biomass for cooking, and lack access to clean and modern cooking facilities, with dire consequences for their quality of life and human development. Discussions for an integrated Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) energy market cannot overlook this energy poverty situation in the region. In fact, the overall goal of AEMI to achieve balanced and equitable economic growth and development for all countries in the region cannot be realized while people continue to suffer from energy poverty. This chapter maps the energy poverty situation in the region, and reviews the links between energy access and economic and human development. It also draws a connection between AEMI and the eradication of energy poverty or attaining universal energy access, in terms of benefits and strategies, particularly with regard to mapping investment requirements and taking inventory of financing options. The chapter concludes with some recommendations for near-term actions.
Adoracion Navarro, Senior Research Fellow, the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), Philippines
Maxensius Tri Sambodo, Researcher, Indonesian Institute of Sciences Economic Research Center (LIPI), Indonesia
Jessie L. Todoc (lead), Country Manager – Philippines and Program Manager, SEA Energy Access and Alternative Energy, International Copper Association Southeast Asia, Philippines